Arrhythmia is an abnormality in speed and heart rate. It occurs due to the disturbance of the electrical conductivity system in heart tissue that must be flawlessly synchronized to maintain normal heart rate. An arrhythmia may occur in people with heart disease, such as coronary artery disease, but no healthy heart may need to be immune to the occasional appearance of abnormal heartbeats. There are two main categories of arrhythmia: tachycardia with heart failure and bradycardia with heart failure. Conventional arrhythmia therapy relies on the use of medications, surgical treatment or electro-cardiovert. In addition to medical therapy, nutrition and lifestyle play an important role in preventing and treating this discomfort.
Causes of arrhythmia can be prevented
Reactions often relate to conditions or events that affect the structure and function of the heart. These include coronary artery disease, congestive heart failure, myocardial infarction, infectious myocarditis, cardiomyopathy, or congenital heart defects.
There are also secondary causes and risk factors that may favor arrhythmia, and these factors can usually be prevented. For example, electrolyte imbalances and severe dehydration may favor arrhythmias, so a particularly important body is supplied with liquid and electrolytes in situations where it is dehydrated.
People with high blood pressure that are not well regulated can also experience arrhythmias. Obesity is a risk factor for arrhythmia in many ways – due to elevated blood lipid levels, blood pressure, and disturbed glucose tolerance. Diabetics with poorly controlled blood sugar have a higher risk of arrhythmia, especially in hypoglycemia. Thyroid disorders may also be a trigger for the occurrence of heart rhythm disturbances. Smoking is another bad habit that needs to be solved to avoid arrhythmias. Stimulants such as alcohol and caffeine also contribute to arrhythmias, as well as stress and the use of certain drugs. Oxidation stress and an insufficient amount of antioxidants in the body have adverse effects, and a group that is at a higher risk is also a professional athlete, especially middle-aged.
Mediterranean diet protects against arrhythmia
Mediterranean diet has cardioprotective properties, researches designate. People who eat like Mediterreans have a lower risk of getting diabetes and high blood pressure, metabolic syndrome, and are rarely obese. Thus they are indirectly protected from arrhythmias. The Mediterranean diet is specific for a high share of fruit, vegetables, olive oil and whole grain products, and a smaller proportion of meat, milk and animal fat. The Mediterranean diet has all the features of a liberal vegetarian diet, rich in omega-3 fatty acids, dietary fiber, B vitamins, and various antioxidants. At the same time, it is poor with saturated fats and rich in total fat. By acting together, this substance contributes to lower blood pressure and fat in the blood, strengthens our body’s defense, stimulates digestion, calms inflammation and protects us from malignant illnesses.
Other dietary supplements that may be helpful
The effects of omega-3 fatty acids on blood triglyceride reduction are well known. Also, the anti-inflammatory effect of this precious fat that is often neglected in the modern diet is well-documented. Generally, an additional intake of omega-3 fatty acids is cardioprotective and is recommended for the prevention of unwanted cardiovascular events.
Magnesium and potassium intake is essential for people suffering from arrhythmias. Therefore, a diet rich in fruit, vegetables, seeds, and whole grains is desirable in this population. Since magnesium is often lacking in modern nutrition, it is often necessary to take magnesium supplements, and sometimes potassium is also needed. Additional antioxidant intake is also desirable in this population, and particularly interesting is the use of N-acetyl cysteine. Vitamin A and minerals with antioxidant effects (vitamins A, C, E, selenium, zinc, and copper) and resveratrol and coenzyme Q10 are commonly prescribed. Among the healing herbs, the application of the gluten extracts is particularly emphasized.
Do not forget about healthy habits
In addition to proper nutrition and dietary supplements, there may be specific lifestyle changes, for example- regular moderate exercise, quitting smoking, reduced intake of alcohol and caffeine, reducing stress levels, avoiding stimulants and medicines that can cause arrhythmias.