Aging brings many changes to one person. It affects the body agility, bone strength, memory loss, but we should know – dementia is not a normal part of that process.
By aging, human’s body experiences changes. Organs weaken their function; thus changes affect the brain, too. Aging can cause loss of memory, especially about recent events – you can’t remember where you left the apartment keys or did you turned off the gas before leaving the house? These are regular changes through the ages, the ability to function is preserved. Such forgetfulness in elderly people is called benign aging forgetfulness, and it is not a sign of dementia.
The Most Common Cause of Dementia
This is not a regular aging part; it is a general term used to describe a brain disorder that attacks the person’s memory and behavior. It develops slowly, over time the condition worsens. In the beginning, it cannot be recognized precisely, and some symptoms can mislead to some other health problems in humans. Dementia affects people over 60, leads to a decline in mental abilities, and over time it becomes more and more difficult, people forget all life events.
Dementia is an attack on the quality of life – because it is a brain disease, which leads to disturbances of memory and thinking, but also to changes in behavior and personality. It progresses differently rapid, in different people. In advanced forms, it can lead to complete destruction of the brain function. Such persons become withdrawn and can not control their behavior, maybe loud noises, mood swings and high propensity to wander. Alzheimer’s disease is the leading cause, which makes up 50-60% of all dementias. What causes this disease is not yet known, but it is known that genetic factors play a significant role. Changes occur in the brain – degenerate, i.e., parts of the brain break down the cells, and abnormal tissue appears so-called. “senile plaques” and abnormal proteins. Some people with dementia well conceal their shortcomings, are aware of some changes on their own, and avoid complex activities (reading, certain types of work). People who can not change their lives become frustrated, precisely because they can not perform everyday tasks (paying bills, extinguishing light).
Changes That Point to Dementia
-Memory disorder – although it develops slowly, changes are noticeable over months and years
-Difficulties in performing everyday activities – cooking, storing, maintaining personal hygiene
-Difficulty in speaking, reading, and writing – forgetting words that try to replace with unusual, sentences challenging to understand and with no meaning
-Loss of spatial and temporal orientation – disorientation in known places, forget about the day, month or year
-Wrong estimates and decisions – inappropriate dressing according to whether or situations
-Disorder of abstract thinking – disillusion with money, misunderstanding of some terms- what a birthday is, what is love
-Frequent loss and misplacement of things – disposal in unusual places
-Mood and behavioral changes – wasted crying or laughing, frequent changes in nervousness and calmness
-Changes in personality – jealousy, suspicion
-Loss of interest in social activities – the feeling of abandonment, isolation from other people, lack of interest