When talking about erectile dysfunction, we can consider a broader aspect of the men’s inability to keep an erection long enough to experience intercourse. The reasons behind these troubles can be physical or psychological, while they are very often both. It usually appears at a certain age.
What often causes erectile dysfunction in men
– obesity, high blood pressure or cholesterol;
– hormone disorders (low testosterone levels);
– mental problems, stress, anxiety, depression;
– nerve damage, including damage to the spinal cord or brain;
– bad lifestyle habits: smoking, alcohol or drug abuse;
– medicines for high blood pressure and depression
– injuries to the pelvis or prostate surgery, nerve damage associated with the penis
Unfortunately, the vast majority of men suffering from diabetes, from 35% to 75%, tend to develop erectile dysfunction earlier than healthy people. The reason is that diabetes affects the weak supply of blood to the full body and nerves that control the erection. Men in 50s are prone to develop erectile dysfunction in approximately 50% to 60%. Diabetes patients older than 70 have about 95% probability of having some erectile dysfunction problems.
Impotence and diabetes
To accomplish an erection, men need healthy blood vessels, nerves, balanced hormones, and naturally, sexual desire. This health condition can largely damage the blood vessels and nerves that control this natural process. Therefore, even if male hormones are balanced and a person has strong sexual desire, it is often still hard to get a firm erection.
During sexual stimulation, a particular chemical called nitric oxide is released into the bloodstream. This chemical gives signals to the arteries and muscles to relax, which allows more blood to flow into the penis. High levels of blood sugar prevent sufficient nitric oxide production, which will further cause erectile dysfunction.
What treatments are available to men with diabetes and erectile dysfunction?
Men with diabetes can take medicines such as tadalafil (Adcirca, Cialis), avanafil (Stendra), sildenafil (Revatio, Viagra), or vardenafil (Levitra, Stakin). However, diabetes often causes further cardiovascular problems, and many of these drugs are not recommended because they can be dangerous in combination with heart therapy.
There are some additional methods for men with diabetes to undergo. For example, intracavernous injection therapy, vacuum erection (not constriction) devices for venous leak syndrome, intraurethral therapy, penile prostheses (inflatable and malleable), sex therapy, and more.
Before choosing a treatment, a patient needs to take comprehensive blood tests, hormonal analysis, urine analysis, neurological examination, and complete physician check. Which method will bring the most success depends on several factors. General health condition of the person is very important, so as his predisposition and the response to medications. Also, if a man is prone to some of the bad habits previously mentioned, or is continuously exposed to stress, he should deal with some severe life changes.
Some lifestyle tips to prevent erectile dysfunction
Keeping diabetes under control. This is an excellent way to reduce risk. Change some habits, stop smoking, and minimize alcohol intake, it can also be beneficial.
Healthy diet and exercise. Diabetes requires food that is low in saturated fat and high in fiber with moderate physical improvement to fix sexual dysfunction without medications.
Weight loss. Even a modest weight loss can improve sexual function and desire in men with diabetes. Those who lost weight increased testosterone levels and blood flow resulting in better erections.
Stress reduction. This problem can cause stress and tension in a relationship. No matter if causes of sexual dysfunction are physical, talk can help. Relaxation and quality sleep every night are essential for recovery.
Taking supplementation. Amino acids called l-arginine and l-citrulline is a supplement that increases the amount of nitric acid and ables a blood flow to the reproductive organ more quickly, so it can prevent erectile dysfunction.