Thousands of allergy triggers, spring is only one of them
Allergies are widespread reactions with people that can manifest through many conditions. The most shared form is allergic rhinitis, which faces about a third of the world’s population. Then, conjunctivitis caused by an allergic reaction gets half of the people during their lifetime, while as many as 8% of children suffer from a severe form of allergy that could cause asthma. Therefore, it can appear as itching and skin redness, nose and sinus infection, inflammation of the eye channels. Some forms lead to difficulty breathing and problems with the respiratory tract, even to hard-breathing problems. Traditional as well as alternative medicine, healthy nutrition, medication works to defuse the painful and severe allergy symptoms. We can say that immunotherapy has proven to be one of the most effective methods in recent years because it faces directly with the problem and does not camouflage it.
What causes allergy is called an allergen. It can be nutrients, caused by sun rays or particles in the air. We can be allergic to certain chemical compounds, medicines or cream ingredients. Spring activate these condition in many people.Pollen and blossomed flowers often lead to allergic reactions. We notice that there are too many triggers of allergies in humans. It is necessary to identify the problem and to treat it. The treatment is not the same each time. However, theraphy can handle all forms of allergy in particular.
Immunotherapy implies administering a certain amount of allergens (the substance that causes the reaction) to the person being treated. The process is done by injection, through drops or as tablets. The gradual addition of the dose will increase the tolerance to the allergen. The immune system of each person changes the reaction to the substance with which it comes in contact. Thus, immunotherapy will eventually reduce the symptoms of sensitivity to a particular allergen.
There is a big difference between immunotherapy and anti-allergy medication. Drugs can camouflage symptoms, while immunotherapy changes the immune system in the treatment of allergy.
The process of immunotherapy against allergy
Immunotherapy is mainly given to injections under the skin. Initially, patients get fewer doses, two to three times a week, with gradually reducing intervals. Higher doses are applying once a month, then once every three months and then 2 to 7 years, depending on the person and the reaction to the therapy. If a person interrupts with immunotherapy within the first 3 years, for a year or two symptoms may occur again.
Shots do not cause more severe side effects. However, they can provoke an allergic reaction of the whole body in the moment of the shooting. That’s why they are always injected under the supervision of a doctor and in the office.
Shots are the fastest way to use immunotherapy in humans.
Immunotherapy by tablets and drops
This is a relatively new form of therapy, which is developing in the USA. This method involves applying treatment under the tongue, once a day. The process is repeated for 3 to 5 years. This method of providing immunotherapy is quite safe and does not cause more serious allergic reactions in patients.
Drops are an under-tested area of allergic immunotherapy, and there is a small number of doctors who will recommend it. There are a few estabilshed drugs for grass allergies, for example, while the last tests reveal new medicines for food allergies. Scientists are on the right path to develop oral immunotherapy drugs against mites or cat hair.