Menstrual Cramps and Painful Periods – Causes, Symptoms, and Treatment

Menstrual Cramps and Painful Periods – Causes, Symptoms, and Treatment

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Every woman, more or less dramatically, survives this painful week every month. Tumidity, peevishness, fatigue -the menstrual period can make trouble. Women feel severe pain in the area of ​​the abdomen, lower back, and pelvis. And if this pain is typical for the first 24 hours of the period, there are those women who experience acute discomfort that paralysis a normal everyday life.

What are the symptoms of painful menstrual periods?

The symptoms of menstrual pain, on the first day of the period, are mild to the intense cramps in the abdomen, after that, constant dull pain in the area of ​​the entire stomach, but also the lower back, uterus, pelvis, and thighs. Most women feel, with extensive bleeding, and dizziness, headache, weakness, and fatigue.

Pain during the menstrual period causes prostaglandins that occur in the uterus and cause contractions. Increased production of the hormones during the period involves frequent and severe contractions of the uterus, which suddenly stops the accumulation of blood and oxygen supply, which causes cyclical menstrual cramps.

Certain health conditions in women such as endometriosis but also different inflammation, tumor or sexually transmitted diseases can cause harsh pain during periods of severe menstrual cramps.

Gynecological conditions that affect the painful periods

Endometriosis is a condition where endometrium – a tissue of the mucous membrane of the uterus is found outside of its walls, in the ovaries, the pelvis, bladder, or in the intestines, liver, lungs, even in the brain in more critical cases. Dislocated endometrium can cause menstrual cramps, but it is also associated with pain outside the period. Also, it can lead to chronic inflammation of so-called chocolate cysts (filled with blood) and inside bleeding.

Adenomyosis is a condition, unlike the previous one, which is caused in the depth of the uterus. Muscle of the womb, in this case, behaves like a muscle full of bruises, causing severe central pain and burning. In the first two days of the period, when adenomyosis occurs, there is anxiety, and sexual relations are very unpleasant and painful for the female person. The situation is typical for women older than 30 and those who have already delivered babies.

Fibroids in the uterus are occurring in almost every mature female person. Its size can be from microscopic to those fibroids that can distort the uterus. Menstrual cramps may be increased due to their presence. As studies show, during the period, the uterine muscles must crump to throw out large clots of blood when menstrual pain is occurring. Good fortune is that those spread fibroids rarely become carcinogens.

Copper IUD is a device that is under the supervision of a doctor, incorporated into the uterus, in the capacity of temporary birth control. It works by releasing a safe amount of copper, which plays the role of neutralizing sperm and preventing the insemination. It can have a purpose of up to 10 years, with the first few periods after the implantation brings the worst pain.

PID or pelvic inflammatory diseases are inflammation of the female reproductive system due to STD or non-treated infection. They cause severe, acute inflammation, painful periods and menstrual cramps, as well as infertility. PID can be treated with antibiotics at an early stage, but the best prevention is a safe sexual contact as well as controlling sexually transmitted diseases more often, especially if you are prone to pain during the period.

Different innate anomalies on the uterus can cause menstrual bruising. The female uterus develops in the fetus, forming two channels – Müllerian ducts. Sometimes changes and defects occur in development, so the uterus can’t form properly, leading to complications, infertility, but also painful menstrual periods in women.

A couple of useful ideas you can do for yourself to ease the periods and make the pain less

Menstrual pain survives almost half of the world’s women. Every woman feels at least at some point in her life, whether a trigger is a more gynecological severe condition or a common cold. If you have uncomfortable periods, it’s important to discover their cause. Visit your gynecologist and go to the controls regularly.

To help you get better these few days a month, here are some tips for home treatment of menstrual cramps.

– Food supplements that contain omega 3 acids

Relaxation and rest

– Light exercise, walks or yoga

– A hot shower or a warm cushion to release pain

– Get rid of cigarettes and alcohol

Many studies have shown that physical activity, for example, 30 minutes of yoga, two to three times a week, has a significant effect on the reduction of pain in women who are prone to painful periods and menstrual cramps. The menstrual cycle is part of life and needs to be less odd as possible. If, however, you cannot control menstrual pain and symptoms, contact your doctor.

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