Polycystic ovary syndrome is commonly the hormonal disease of women and the most common cause of lack of ovulation. The name origins from the appearance of the ovary that contains numerous cysts. The ovaries are usually twice more massive than the average, taut grayish surface below which the cysts have a size of 5 to 15 mm. It is estimated that between five and 10 percent of women in the fertile period suffer from this disease.
How is diagnosed?
Diagnosis of polycystic ovary syndrome is made by a combination of clinical, ultrasound and laboratory findings of the hormone. Clinical results include information on the symptoms of a woman, her past and family illnesses, and a review. However, to establish a safe diagnosis, the most reliable is the ultrasound examination. Transvaginal ultrasound (ultrasound examination of the probe) can reliably measure and analyze the details in the ovary.
What are the symptoms of polycystic ovary syndrome?
Some ladies start noticing symptoms around the time of their first period, and the others only discover they have PCOS after some trouble getting pregnant. Symptoms may include a decreased number of periods or their absence, the accumulation of fat in the stomach area, increased hairiness, acne, hair loss, greasy skin, obesity.
Is there a risk of polycystic ovaries?
Those women with polycystic ovaries should regularly go to gynecological and other medical exams because this disease is related to many risks. Unfortunately, spontaneous abortions are two to three times more common, heart and blood vessels are seven times more common, the risk of diabetes is 16 percent higher, high blood pressure occurs in 40% of patients, there is a higher risk of ovarian cancer, later menopause, anemia.
Treatment of polycystic ovaries syndrome
Approaches to the treatment of polycystic ovaries are different because the symptoms vary from woman to woman. However, if you have polycystic ovaries and want to get pregnant, the most important thing is to reduce your body weight. It has been proven that a 5% reduction in weight may lead to normalization of the menstrual cycle and restoration of ovulation, thereby increasing fertility. Besides, you should increase your physical activity, stop smoking and drinking alcohol.
Polycystic ovaries can be treated with certain medications, which will be recommended by your gynecologist depending on the clinical picture. Also, polycystic ovaries can be treated with a surgical route, i.e., by removing part or whole ovaries. There is also the procedure of ovarian electrocardiography where the electrode burns the tissue of the ovaries.