Probiotics, good bacteria, are consumed to improve health. By the World Health Organization definition, probiotics are live microorganisms, which, when taken in an appropriate amount, give rise to beneficial effects on health.
In the last two decades, probiotic products, as well as products based on probiotic cultures such as fermented dairy products enriched with probiotics, have made true expansion among the population of developed countries. Probiotics are beneficial in acute intestinal infections, such as viral and bacterial gastroenterocolitis, and also in the treatment of the nervous colorectal syndrome
Modern molecular technologies have contributed to getting to know the world of intestinal microflora, which weighs one kilogram in healthy adults. For human health, the intestines are essential because they contain ten times as many bacteria as there are total cells in our body. These bacteria are responsible for fundamental metabolic processes occurring within the body, so it is an entirely legitimate interest in them. The world of microorganisms is mostly anaerobic bacteria (more than 90 percent), but also fungi and bacteria, or viruses living in bacteria. Although there is a great interest of microscopic scientists, a smaller percentage is still identified, while more than 70 percent remains an enigma.
Where Are Probiotics Proven Effective?
They have shown their efficacy in acute intestinal infections, such as viral and bacterial gastroenterocolitis. This is a proven place where the probiotics are treated. It is successfully applied in the prevention and treatment of diarrhea caused by the administration of antibiotics, especially in the case of infection caused by clifridium difficult, the most severe complication of the use of antibiotics. Probiotics are also victorious in the treatment of nervous colorectal syndrome, for which the pathogens do not know precisely. In any case, taking inflation probiotics once a day proved to be extremely useful in treating 30 to 50 percent of patients with nervous bowel.
Are Probiotics Different From Each Other?
Probiotics vary in composition, concentration, and efficacy. These are mainly different bacterial strains of lactobacillus and bifidobacteria. The only probiotic fungus used is Saccharomyces of the genus B. It has been successfully used since 1926. It is crucial to be aware that most probiotics are used for the same diagnosis, and valid efficacy testifies to valid clinical studies. Good probiotics are those with more than ten to nine bacteria, which means they are extremely concentrated and, therefore, more efficient. The food industry contributes to a rich assortment of probiotic yogurt, which also helps in the establishment of healthy flora and intestinal balance.
Researches have shown that people who are continually drinking copious amounts of sour milk or yogurt are healthier and more extended to live. This is because Lactobacillus bulgaricus is a bacterial strain that is important for the digestive tract health. And precisely those who regularly drink these milk products have a permanently present bacterium Lactobacillus bulgaricus in the digestive tract. And if a micro-organism could be used for probiotic purposes, it should fulfill several essential conditions. It should originate from the human digestive tract, that it is not pathogenic and toxic to humans and that it survives the conditions that prevail in the digestive tract. This means that it does not react to the high acidity of gastric juice, which is otherwise present, as well as on bile acids in the small intestine. Besides, it should produce antimicrobial substances, active against undesired microorganisms in the digestive tract, and that during technological procedures of production and storage it has a high survival rate. Gut flora is a very sensitive organ that damages many disorders, and the internal imbalance is associated with the development of a range of diseases including obesity, type 2 diabetes, metabolic syndrome, heart disease, colon carcinoma, Alzheimer’s disease, depression, and many others.
Weight Loss. Studies have confirmed that obese people have different intestinal flora from people who do not suffer from excess pounds. Scientists believe, according to studies carried out so far, that bacteria in the intestines are essential for the recognition of body fat. A study of more than 210 people with a higher amount of fat tissue accumulated in the area of the abdomen confirmed the effect of probiotic on the loss of fatty tissue. Respondents who took the Lactobacillus gasseri probiotics after 12 weeks had a decrease in the mass of fat tissue in the area of the abdomen by 8.5%. After the abortion of these probiotics was stopped, the subjects returned the fatty tissue back within 4 weeks.
Inflammation. Probiotics reduce inflammatory processes in the body, and inflammation is considered the primary cause of the development of various diseases. Also, by strengthening the immune system, probiotics reduce the risk of developing infections, including a common cold.
Skin Issues. It has been confirmed that probiotics help maintain and restore skin health. They are useful in fighting acne and increased redness of the skin (rosacea).
Depression. Probiotics Lactobacillus helveticus and Bifidobacterium longum have been confirmed to reduce the symptoms of depression and anxiety in people with diagnosed clinical depression.