Many people will, no matter of different stage of life, complain about throat problems and feel like something is stuck inside. Did you ever have the impression you’ve got cold, your sinuses were activated, and your throat was full of mucus? Actually, you’re not cold, but this still happens. It’s a catarrh. Medicine identifies catarrh as excessive thick mucus in the respiratory tract or in the cavities of the body. Such mucus is most often retained in the sinuses on the front part of the face on both sides of the nose. Yet, it can also occur in the throat, ears or canals that lead to lungs and chest.
So if you notice that catarrh is collecting, you should know that it can not be a diagnosis. This is not a state or disease itself, the catarrh is a symptom of other conditions that occur in your body. It can be cold, pollen fever or allergic reactions or nasal polyps (fleshy islands in the nose).
What causes catarrh?
When a specific state occurs, an infection caused by bacteria or pollen reaction, the body activates its natural defense system – an immune system that has the task of reacting to infection or irritation. Our immune system produces catarrh in the service of defense against viruses or colds. In this process, white blood cells transmit the right to the source of infection or irritation, which then releases molecules that cause mucosal stimulation and mucus production.
Swelling also can narrow the cavities and leads to further blockage. Catarrh can be clear and lean, but also thick and colorless. This causes the affected blood vessels to increase in the same way as in the case of infection or allergic reactions, and precisely this swelling leads to congestion and catarrh – it is known as vasomotor rhinitis or non-allergic rhinitis
For some people, this system is ready for situations when the organism is endangered by infection. However, there are people with a system too sensitive, where the catarrh will be triggered by the very first sneeze or tobacco smoke in the room. Cigarette smoke and polluted air are the causes of such phenomena, but can also be stronger fragrances such as perfume, alcohol, spicy foods. Changes in time and stress can affect the production of mucus we call catarrh.
What are the symptoms and should catarrh be treated?
Basically, this problem will be manifested through a closed or nose that leaks, then mucus that stretches down the throat, an irritating cough, headache, a loss of sense of smell or taste, tiredness and abandonment, and a slight cracking in the middle ear. In most cases, catarrh does not require any medical therapy, but the respiratory tract and cavities will clear within a few days, as soon as your body finishes its fight with the infection.
However, if catarrh is present, especially in the chest area, for weeks and is accompanied by severe symptoms, such as coughing or constant fatigue, visit your doctor. The doctor should diagnose the condition that caused the chronic presence of catarrh and overwrite adequate therapy.
What is the appropriate catarrh therapy?
The medical treatment that will be used depends on the source that caused the occurrence of mucus. Whether the irritation is allergic or if an infection is caused by a bacteria or a virus, the doctor will overwrite the therapy.
It is possible to determine whether catarrh is caused by an allergen and which type. A medicine can discover the presence of nasal polyps (fleshy nose in the nose) that can be eliminated using various nose sprays that contains steroids. If this problem becomes chronic and can not be removed this way, it will require a routine intervention.
Drugs against the decongestant reduce the swelling of blood vessels in your nose and lead to relief and respiratory relief. They can be purchased in every pharmacy, as a non-prescription drug, but should not be used for more than a few days. Such medication may occasionally aggravate congestion and catarrh occurrence if used for too long.
Decongestants are mild and usually do not cause side effects, but there is no possibility of irritation of the nasal mucous membrane, nausea, and headache.
Another way to treat catarrh is by inhalation with steam. Inhalation with steam from a bowl of hot (but not boiling) water with an additive such as dried basil, oregano oil, eucalyptus or crystal of menthol can help soften and clear any slime in the nasal cavity.