Stretching of the quadriceps muscle and partial rupture of the front thigh muscle are frequent occurrences in sports which basics contain running and jumping. Quadriceps consists of four heads that join the bones of the pelvis and the fumble bone, and across the knees are attached to the subcutaneous bone – tibia.
The four heads (muscles) that form quadriceps are Rectus Femoris, Vastus Medialis, Vastus Lateralis, Vastus Intermedius.
The four-headed muscle quadriceps has the function of flexing the lower leg in the knee joint, controlling the movement in the hip joint and the most important role in running, sprinting, kicking, jumping. When contracting the thigh muscle, the force and tension are transmitted through the muscle fibers of the quadriceps. If pressure or force is too high due to excessive repetition and fatigue or great force, muscular fibers may be pushed. When one or more fibers break in the delusions of the thigh muscle, a condition known as the stretching of the buttock quadriceps muscle occurs.
Two Types of Muscle Tangle
– Intramuscularly damages the muscle fibers without tearing the mussel shells. Bleeding is less because it is limited by muscle envelopes. The muscular function is disturbed due to pain and moderate contraction of contraction. However, there is no bruising on the skin.
– Intramuscularly presents damage to muscle fibers and their envelopes. Bleeding does not remain inside the muscles and envelopes, it is already spreading, and there is a bruising on the skin. Recovery is faster with this type of injuries due to a quicker disappearance of the bloodstream at the injuries site.
Causes and Signs of Injury
Stretching of the thigh muscles usually occurs in sudden contractions of the muscles, especially during stretching, kicking or shooting. They often happen in jumps. These are characteristic movements in running, sudden acceleration or sprinting, playing in football and usually occurring after inadequate warm-up before the activity. They are often seen with athletes dealing with football and athletics.
Signs of this injury include pain, and muscle swelling, restriction of movement due to pain bruising on the skin is a sign of intermuscular injury, depression in the muscle is a sign of a more substantial muscle dissection. Patients usually experience severe pain at the time of injury or expulsion or cracking. Sometimes the patient will be able to continue the activity after injury, but the symptoms after the rest period deteriorate. In severe cases, patients can experience extremely severe pain, muscle cramping, and inability to continue with the activity and loss of muscle function. Pain occurs during activities that involve straining the thigh muscles such as climbing or swaying down the stairs, jumping, running, squats, and the like. The location of the injury can also be sensitive to the touch, and the appearance of the island is possible.
Treatment of Quadriceps Injury
Diagnosis is reliably established from ultrasound examination. An overview of the ultrasound of the muscle is necessary for diagnosis, to see the size of the muscle injuries, as well as the size and the presence of the blood vein (hematoma). The first therapy that is applied immediately after the trauma is cryotherapy with ice and cold packing, bandaging of muscles with an elastic bandage, resting. This therapy is administered two to three days after the injury. The application of physical therapy is carried out for the purpose of resorption and degradation of the blood elbow and healing of muscle fibers. Rough return to the terrain carries the risk of restoring and aggravating the injury, as well as the development of calcification in the muscle.
With proper treatment of injured muscles, most minor injuries are recovered for a period of one to three weeks. In case of significant injuries, the recovery may take four to eight weeks depending on the degree of damage.