The revolutionary drug that once saved humanity
In 1928s, Alexander Fleming found a revolutionary remedy, penicillin. Soon, this medicine took on leading role in modern medicine. Antibiotics began to be used in therapy for people in the 40’s when they were considered a “miracle drug.” In fact, they were. Since then, antibiotics have saved countless lives and had a tremendous, tremendous impact on humanity. They work in many ways, mainly by killing harmful bacteria or by suppressing them. However, over decades of using antibiotics, they have exhibited one of their significant disabilities, which many scientists fear for the future – resistance.
How does resistance to antibiotics occur?
And if antibiotics act on a vast spectrum of bacteria, they do not seem to work at all. Unfortunately, some bacteria have the ability to develop a gene that protects them from antibiotics. Moreover, such bacteria have the ability to transfer their resistance gene to other bacteria. When antibiotics enter the body, they kill malicious entities, but not those that have developed resistance. In such an environment, resistant bacteria have more space to grow and multiply, as well as transfer their resistance to other bacteria. Antibiotics become helpless.
Treatment of patients with antibiotics becomes more difficult and less effective. And if there is perhaps another group of medicines that will work on bacteria, the body will not respond by completely destroying unwanted substances. Scientists and doctors in these cases tend to prevent resistant bacteria from dominating. Without this type of control, patients with surgery problems or inflammation come to a higher life threat, which brings medicine into the “dark age,” and this can’t be allowed.
Is the main cause of resistance on antibiotics their overuse and uncontrolled prescription?
People are used to cutting all their problems with “magic medicine.” Research shows that almost 40% of respondents expect to receive a prescription for antibiotics each time they contact their doctor for some health problem, cold or a cough. Even practice itself often has a bad habit of prescribing antibiotics with no need or precaution.
Science urges that the most common cause of antibiotic resistance is precisely their overuse and that public health in the whole world should work to raise awareness of this problem.
Still, the biggest problem of world health is drug-resistant tuberculosis – the most deadly infection on the planet. It is estimated that in the past year about 10 million people suffered from tuberculosis. 1.6 million died, of which almost a third was multidrug-resistant tuberculosis, mainly in developing countries. Millions of lives will depend in the future on the development of drug resistance, and billions of dollars spent on its suppression.
Nevertheless, medicine develops every day, equally well in the field of antibiotic development. It is estimated that for the next 30 years people will use an entirely new generation of antibiotics. Their growth is expensive and occupied with problems such as resistance. But if he broke through the revolution and saved the world, it is not impossible for him to do it again.