What are Birthmarks and How They Occur?
A birthmark is a skin disorder that appears, as the name says, with birth or right after. They occur in different places on the body and can be of various colors, from black and dark brown to pale pink. Some are just a spot on a skin that is different in tone but sometimes could appear in the form of congestion or tissue beneath the surface of the skin.
There are many ancient traditions and stories about why such marks exist on the baby’s body. In ancient times, people considered birthmarks as symbols that would mark the fate of the newborn and were an integral part of the superstition. However, we don’t know for sure why they originate. They can not endanger your health, what is essential.
Types of birthmarks
There are two basic categories. Pigment birthmark comes with birth.Those birthmarks usually appear on the surface of the skin. In this cases, the shade is darker. Vascular birthmarks are mostly near the veins. Their color is pink and even red. They develop in the short term after the birth of a child.
These spots on the body benign to grow until the particular age of the child and then remain the same for the rest of the life. It is unnecessary to treat them and even remove them if they are not in uncomfortable places and connected with blood vessels.
Hemangiomas are a type of vascular tumor that usually occurs at a younger age in the form of a birthmark. These tumors are not harmful; however, if they are in places such as the eye area, they can cause some sight problems.
A type of hemangioma, a set of closely related blood vessels, are also called Strawberry Birthmarks. Their usual spots are the face, back, and chests of children, aged up to 10 years.
Cavernous hemangiomas are similar to the previous one, but they are thicker under the skin. They are mostly in the form of a red and blue because of concentrated blood in them.
Port-wine stains are another group. They occur most often on the face. These are marks that only change the color of a particular area of the skin.
Salmon patches occur with the newborns. They are on the whole or neck of the baby as the capillaries that are visual through the skin. As the child grows, these marks fade.
Do they need therapy?
A doctor mainly notices such a skin disorder right after the birth. Most of them don’t require any treatment while those requiring therapy are treated only after the age of the tenth. Surface bithmarks are immediately noticeable, while they are less defined can be diagnosed with the help of ultrasound, scanner or biopsy.
If the birthmarks require specific treatment, depending on the condition, they can be treated with cosmetic therapies or corticosteroids. In curbing the growth of certain types of hemangiomas, people are using meds for blood pressure reducing. If the case arises, the medicine will offer solutions in the form of laser or surgical removal.
Most doctors do not recommend removing these birthmarks unless they interfere with the vital functions of some other organs. The only problem is that such skin disorders can lead to a loss of self-confidence for developing children