Migraine headaches are a very common problem, and they can last from a few hours to three days. Unluckily, these headaches are one of the least understood, as well as poorly treated medical disorders. This is because they are likely to result from a complex interplay of genetic, environmental, and neurological factors which vary from person to person.
Furthermore, the experiences of those that suffer from migraines also vary to a great extent. Besides the typical symptoms like throbbing, searing pain, which may or may not be one-sided, some patients also experience “auras” before to onset, while others do not.
Migraines can also be the reason for chills, sweating, nausea, vomiting, fever, and sensitivity to light, sound, and scents in some of the cases.
According to one research, more than 300 million people around the world who suffer from this problem. This is about 6 to 7% of men and 15 to 18% of women. In addition, estimated 20 million migraine attacks, happen every single day.
Causes of a migraine
The origins of this problem have been examined in a lot of studies. However, none of those studies can certainly explain the happening of migraines in all sufferers. Sometimes, these theories can be conflicting. But, the majority of them assert that the causes of a migraine include the following:
1. The excessive increase of blood flow in the brain.
On the other hand, according to the statements of some studies, these headaches are not preceded by construction and decrease in the blood flow, but they are rather by an increase of nearly 300%. Nevertheless, once when the migraine attack is in full swing, circulation appears normal or only slightly reduced.
2. A neurological disorder which is related to the nerve cell activity.
Migraines are also believed to happen as a result of a neurological disorder. This is related to the nerve cell activity which sweeps across your brain, causing pain.
3. Changes in the brain chemical serotonin.
The migraine pain is also believed to be as a result of swollen and inflamed blood vessels which include those in the brain, as soon as the levels decrease.
4. Vascular contrition in the brain.
Migraines may also happen from initial blood vessel construction and a decrease in the blood flow. This is followed by dilation and stretching of the blood vessels, which activates the neurons that indicate pain.
Vitamin deficiency and migraines.
According to one study from recently, it was discovered that the vitamins B6 and B12, as well as folic acid supplements, cause a two-fold reduction in migraines over a period of six months. This was also suggested by previous research, like one study in 2004 in the European Journal of Neurology. It pointed out that migraine attacks can be avoided with the consumption of high doses of B2 (riboflavin).
Furthermore, the levels of homocysteine production can be increased by some gene mutations, as well as dysfunctions, which will make you more prone to migraine attacks. Another discovery was that the vitamins B6 and B12 reduce homocysteine levels. Additionally, the researchers have also found that depending on your genotype; one may need a higher, or maybe a lower dose for it to work.
According to Professor Lyn Griffiths:
“If all of the patients received the same vitamin dosage for the same period, it would be supposed that those that have TT genotypes, having reduced enzymatic rate, would metabolize less homocysteine over the period of the treatment, in comparison to C allele carriers, which will then result in a smaller reduction in homocysteine, as well as consequent migraine symptoms.
Indeed, it may be that TT genotypes even though having a higher risk of disease will require a larger dosage of vitamins to exhibit the same effect as C alleles. Some further clinical trials of the much larger patient cohort are required to test this hypothesis.”
Moreover, she says that their purpose is to specify the optimal dosage of B vitamins, which is based on the genetic profile. She explains:
“The achievement of our trial has shown that safe, as well as inexpensive vitamin supplements, can treat those who suffer from migraine problems.”
The symptoms of a migraine may be caused by another, even more, a general type of vitamin deficiency.
One year ago, there was an observational study at the 50th Annual Meeting of the American Headache Society. It has found that around 42% of patients that have a chronic migraine, were deficient in vitamin D. The researchers also found that the longer you suffered from chronic migraines, the more likely you are to have a vitamin D deficiency.
This means that these new findings can be tacked on to the numerous health consequences of being vitamin D deficient.