For the characteristic taste of mushrooms, they are popular at the tables of many nations, and their medicinal properties are known for centuries. Although medicinal mushrooms mostly grow in the Far East, they are also noticed in the rest of the world.
Nutritional Value- Rich in Vitamins, Amino Acids, Minerals, and Proteins
The nutritional value of mushrooms is high and is extremely rich in proteins, which have as much as 45% in dry mushrooms. These forest fruits contain all essential amino acids, and they are rich in vitamins, primarily group A, B, C, K, beta-carotene, and ergosterol. They are also rich in vegetable fats, proteins, minerals – phosphorus, sodium and potassium, magnesium, in smaller amounts of iron and calcium.
Beneficial Effects In Alzheimer’s disease, Disturbed Metabolism, Depression
Medicinal mushrooms are rich in nutrients, they are ideal for the diet, as they contain as much as 95% water, so they are an extremely low calorie. Depending on the species, 100 grams of mushrooms have an energy value of 18 to 26 kilocalories, which is, for example, 10 to 20 times less than sweets or acolous drinks and three times less than vegetables and fruits. Mushrooms act as an antioxidant and have a beneficial effect in Alzheimer’s disease, disturbed metabolism, osteoporosis, impotence … They are essential for healthy growth, improving concentration and memory, regulating disturbed metabolism, helping infertility, nervousness, and depression.
However, experts warn that mushrooms should be extremely careful because there are about 50 thousand species on the planet, of which only about a thousand are eaten.
Shiitake- an elixir of life
The most famous and most researching substance is lentinan, and this mushroom Japanese calls “an elixir of life.” Lentinan contains complex sugars, polysaccharides, which help the defensive cells of the organism to recognize cancer cells and destroy them. Also, these compounds have antiviral and antibacterial properties and maintain the organism to protect against various infections and other organic disorders. Also, these mushrooms preserve and strengthen blood vessels, especially in cases of diabetes. Protect from atherosclerosis, hypertension, dissolve fats and triglycerides, and have an anti-allergic effect.
Turkey tail- for cancer prevention
This mushroom contains a compound called polysaccharide-K (PSK) that stimulates the immune system, and it is approved the anti-cancer prescription drug in Japan. Turkey tail fights leukemia cells and improves the immune system of people receiving chemotherapy.
Reishi- fight depression
Reishi’s effects on the immune system include reduced fatigue and depression, as well as improved quality of life. This mushroom has calming properties. The study found that fatigue was reduced and quality of life was improved after 4 weeks of taking reishi powder and people in the study also experienced less anxiety and depression.
Chaga- slowing the aging process
Chaga is rich in a wide variety of vitamins, minerals, and nutrients, including vitamin D, potassium, rubidium, amino acids, fiber, copper. Providing the body with more antioxidants which this mushroom contains can slow the aging process. Its effectiveness in fighting other forms of oxidative stress suggests that it could also fight against the aging.
Lion’s mane- protection against dementia
Lion’s mane mushrooms contain bioactive substances that have beneficial effects on the body, especially the brain. Studies have found that lion’s mane mushrooms include compounds that can stimulate the growth of brain cells: hericenones and erinacines. This helps protect against Alzheimer’s disease, a degenerative brain disease that causes progressive memory loss. This mushroom also may improve cognition, increase concentration, and alleviate anxiety and irritability.