Shiitake is one of the most popular types of mushrooms around the world. They are tasty and have many health benefits. Their nutritional composition helps us to defend ourselves against various diseases, primarily because they help us build a robust immune system. Proven, shitake mushrooms will contribute to the health of the heart and prevent the development of cancer.
The amount of bioactive compounds depends on how and where the mushrooms are grown, stored, and prepared.
Use in medicine and nutrition
Shiitake are edible mushrooms originating from East Asia. The heads are in the diameter between 5 and 10 cm, brown. They do not grow out of the earth but on a rotten tree trunk. More than 80% of them come from Japan, but also from the United States, Canada, Singapore, and China.
Shitake is used in the diet of fresh, dried or in various dietary supplements. About 15g of shitake contains about 44 calories, 11g carbs, 2 grams of fiber, 1 gram of protein, but also other essentials: 11% of the daily value of riboflavin, niacin, then there is also a rich source of copper, selenium, magnesium, zinc, vitamin B6, as well as vitamin D and folic acid.
Besides, shiitake contain many of the same amino acids as meat and are rich in polysaccharides, sterols, and lipids, some of which have effects for boosting immunity, lowering cholesterol.
These mushrooms are part of traditional Chinese medicine but can be found as traditions of Japan, Korea, and eastern Russia. It has always been thought that shiitake increases health and longevity, as well as improves circulation.
Modern medical tests prove their positive influence in the treatment of inflammation, reduces blood pressure, fat in the liver, plaque in the arteries, lowers cholesterol, and prevents the development of cancer. However, many studies have been done on animals or tubes, not on humans. More tests are needed to determine the dose and potential for humans.
It has been discovered that shitake mushrooms contain:
– Erythrenen. Inhibits the enzyme included in the production of cholesterol.
– Sterols. These molecules assist in blocking the absorption of cholesterol in the stomach.
– Beta glucans. These fibers can reduce cholesterol.
– While immune systems tend to lose weight for years, a study in the mouse revealed that a shiitake-based supplement helped to reverse a decline in the immune system associated with aging.
– Polysaccharides in shiitake mushrooms can also have an anticancer effect.
– Lentinan can inhibit the growth and spread of leukemia cells (In China and Japan, the injectable form of lentinan is used in chemotherapy and other significant ways of treating cancer to improve the immune function and quality of life in people with stomach cancer).
– Shiitake mushrooms can also help fight infection and improve bone health
– Sweets have antibacterial, antiviral and antifungal effects
– It can strengthen your bones
– Mushrooms are the only natural herbal reservoir of vitamin D
Your body needs vitamin D to build strong bones, but very few foods contain this critical nutrient. The level of vitamin D fungus varies depending on the way they are grown. When exposed to UV light, they develop a higher level of this compound.
What could go wrong with shitake mushrooms?
This is a trendy food in the world that most people consume without significant problems. In rare cases, there will be an emergent occurrence, such as a rash on the skin if consumed by raw shitake, caused by lentinan.
Powder mushroom extract over a long period can cause other side effects, including stomach upset and sunlight sensitivity.
Some also argue that high levels of purine in mushrooms can cause symptoms in people with gout. However, studies show that eating mushrooms is associated with a lower risk of gout.
How to cook with shiitake?
Mushrooms have a unique flavor of fungi and are an excellent choice for vegetarian dishes. You can often find them dried on the market. Before cooking, immerse them in warm water to soften them.
It is recommended to look for those that are sold in whole, not cut. The stems are separated during preparation, and only the cap is placed in the dishes, while the rest can be used as a supplement with some other vegetables.
Shiitake has a long history of use, both as food and as an additive. It contains a few calories and contains many vitamins, minerals and bioactive compounds of plants. They are available in almost all parts of the world and above all – easy to prepare and very tasty.