Necessary things you need to know about menopause and premenopause
When it comes to women’s health, one of the critical periods of life is the end of the reproductive age and entry into the menopause. This period appears in a different age range for women, depending on many factors. The main feature is the loss of the menstrual period, the cessation of estrogen production and the possibility of starting the pregnancy. However, menopause mainly goes with many other symptoms, of which the most recognizable are hot flashes, mood swings, changes in body weight, or lower hormonal disorders.
For women to go through this particular part of their lives more efficiently, they need to have basic knowledge of what menopause is, what are premenopausal and postmenopausal periods, which symptoms are harmless and which require more serious understanding.
Premenopause is 8-10 years before entering the menopause, the so-called transition. This period occurs during your reproductive activity in the 30s or 40s, and it does not have any significant symptoms. However, specific changes occur in your body. In this time, the ovaries produce less and less estrogen. It can lead to irregular periods, but also to a sudden hardening of hormones. Such processes affect mood, lead to sleep disorders, and even cause symptoms similar to menopause, which is hot flashes.
The last phase of this preparation for menopause can last from a few months to a couple of years, and it’s mostly a period when a woman cannot start the pregnancy. She is slowly entering a severe change.
Entering menopause is not determined by age. With mature women, several factors provocate earlier changes than expected. These factors are a family history of similar cases, smoking, cancer treatment, hysterectomy or oophorectomy, and others.
The menopause & premenopause symptoms are generally confusing, and it is impossible to determine whether you have already entered the second stage if you experience the same or similar symptoms, such as:
* more pronounced PMS than usual
* body weight disorder
* sleep problems
* loss of sexual drive
* bad concentration and forgetfulness
* night sweats
* depression or anxiety
* quality of the skin and hair
* feeling of constant fatigue
… And many other symptoms.
Therapy and expert advice
Medicine can in many cases help with menopause treatment. Bioidentical hormone replacement therapy for women provides the level of estrogen (hormone replacement) you lose during the process.
Hormone therapy can exist in many forms. Bioidentical hormones are perhaps the most sought-after products and supplements in the pharmaceutical industry so that they can be found as pills, creams or gels, patches.
For some more severe symptoms, a doctor will prescribe medicines like those for migraines or antidepressants.
What every woman can do for herself and help with this inevitable process is to dedicate attention to her body. Light exercises such as yoga can positively affect your sleep, mood, or body weight. The selected food also plays a significant role. Avoid eating abundantly, quit smoking and alcohol and reduce the coffee to a minimum. Try to relax with a hot bath or an additional rest time during the day.
When you should contact a doctor
Most women find support during this period of life from other members of the same gender. “Women to women” is traditionally the best source of good advice and home therapies that work well.
However, if the symptoms of premenopause or menopause are so intense that interfering with your daily functioning, it is best to visit your doctor.
Symptoms that accentuate examination of a gynecologist:
- Blood clothes during the period
- Bleeding after sexual intercourse
- Periods that last significantly longer or shorter than usual
These symptoms should not get you upset right away. They usually initiate a hormonal imbalance, and your doctor will overwrite a hormonal therapy for them. However, it is desirable to set it up in time that it does not concern significant problems or any malignant illnesses.