Quitting cigarettes is the best thing anyone can do for general health, and as soon as you stop, you will begin to feel better. From ear canals to the smallest capillaries in the blood system, smoking can damage almost every part of the human body. For those who depend on nicotine, leaving a cigarette can be a serious challenge, especially since it is easy to think that “damage has already been done long ago” and give up on the start.
Research tells another story. Tea Kuningham, a spokeswoman for the UK Center for Cancer Research, explained that quitting is the best thing anyone can do and that it does not matter how old or how long a smoker is.
What is Nicotine Withdrawal?
It is a group of symptoms that happen in the first few weeks upon the abrupt discontinuation or decrease in intake of nicotine. Nicotine withdrawal can be a distressing struggle for some, triggering a host of physical and psychological symptoms that some find hard to tolerate. The symptoms of nicotine withdrawal can start within 30 minutes of your last smoked cigarette and will depend on your level of addiction. Signs of nicotine withdrawal for smokers include intense cravings for nicotine, sweating, nausea, abdominal cramping, headaches, coughing, insomnia, anxiety.
Timeline of Nicotine Withdrawal
8 hours. Carbon monoxide, a poisonous gas that, if it breathes in a high concentration, can cause almost instantaneous death, is one of the 4,000 chemicals that enter the body after the cigarette burns. The nitrogen and carbon monoxide begins to leave the body, and the oxygen level returns to normal As soon as we spend eight hours without a cigarette.
24 hours. After a day without a cigarette, lungs begin to be cleaned up from surpluses piled up for tobacco smoke.
48 hours. Nicotine is the first active ingredient in tobacco and is highly addictive. Smoking reduces the ability to taste and smell. Two days after cessation, it is released from the body, and the senses begin to be.
2 to 12 weeks. Smoking affects the circulation. This makes doing physical activities much more difficult. After two to 12 weeks without cigarettes, feelings of total health feel. Breathing has been improved after a few weeks, and exercise is getting less stressful.
3 to 9 months. Months after leaving tobacco, health continues to grow. In this particular stage, coughing, breathing and other respiratory problems caused by harmful chemicals from the cigarette are reduced sufficiently as the lungs recover.
One year. Smoking damage the walls of the blood vessels, which allows the fatty substances to accumulate in the arteries. All this can cause a heart attack, stroke or angina. One year after leaving the cigarette, the risk of severe heart disease is twice as low compared to the threat from the time of active tobacco smoke.
Reducing it consumption causes less withdrawal than abruptly stopping. Another way to overcome nicotine withdrawal symptoms is to provide the body with an alternative source of nicotine for a temporary period and then taper this new nicotine intake such as chewing gum, skin patches, inhalators or tablets. Research has found that using NRT can increase the chance of quitting by 50 to 60 percent, so it is a standard and successful treatment for nicotine withdrawal.
Electronic cigarettes or e-cigarettes contain nicotine, which is consumed as vapor but does not include the same host of harmful substances as most other tobacco products. The main problem is the health risks of smoking e-cigarettes which are not yet known.
Medication such as varenicline and bupropion can help treat nicotine withdrawal. Varenicline can reduce cravings and block the rewarding effects of smoking and bupropion is also used as an antidepressant.