Usually, eating disorders like anorexia and bulimia begin to appear in puberty. Young people feel discomfort with their own appearance and become obsessed with it, which brings up some dangerous psychological consequences.
Anorexia is a severe eating dysfunction that occurs in adolescents, and they are recognized for exceptional weight loss and exaggerated exercise. They believe that they are too thick, even when their body weight is healthy. They read exclusively about food and diet literature, avoiding foods that grow. They often change their moods and isolate themselves from the environment, are depressed and anxious, are quickly tired.
On the other hand, for people with bulimia, it is typical to eat everything that comes under their hands. It is not relevant to them at all, but rather the quantity, which is why they consume low-nutritional foods- whole chocolate milk, pizza, fizzy drinks, leaf dough, various fried and salted snacks, chocolates. People with bulimia are obsessed with the fear of gaining weight, with a simultaneous sense of hunger for food. The accompanying symptoms include caries and a change in the color of the teeth caused by gastric acid due to frequent vomiting, cracked lips, problems with the thyroid gland, change in mood from depression to impulsivity.
Research carried out in this area has studied various variables that can contribute to the development of eating disorders and dissatisfaction with their own body, and recognize biological, genetic, psychological, sociocultural and family factors.
According to the leading physiological theory, here is the abnormal functioning of the part of the hypothalamus responsible for controlling food intake, sexual activity, and menstrual cycles. It has not been clarified yet whether this hypothalamic disorder is the cause of anorexia, a consequence of weight loss and limited calorie or emotional stress. Genetic factors also indicate that repetition of the dysfunction within the family is recognized, but it cannot be said with certainty that this is a condition and implied.
Eating disorders can cause low self-esteem, feeling of inadequacy or lack of control in life, depression, anxiety, anger, or solitude. People with eating dysfunctions often suffer from depression with a strong sense of guilt, insufficiency, and inadequacy. Awakening of sexuality for them can be a harrowing period. Food is dangerous for them because they have a fear of gaining weight, and because of the fear of losing control they try to keep some of their own in their hands by “controlling” at least the intake of food. If we consider food as the source of life or, in psychological terms, like love – emotions, then our eating disorders may indicate that a person in this way deprives himself or becomes obsessed with overeating, and thus acquires and maintains this false sense of control over yourself or life.
Interpersonal factors. They include problematic family and personal relationships, difficulties in expressing emotions and feelings, mourning for physical defects or the history of physical or sexual abuse. Psychologists emphasize that a nutritional disorder is a response to an intrusive parenting style in which a child becomes extremely sensitive to the expectations and needs of his parents, but at the same time he feels lost, empty and powerless when facing the problems of adolescence and growing up.
It can be the cause of diarrhea are cultural pressures that glorify weight and put value on getting a “perfect” body, a narrow social definition of beauty that includes only women and men with specific body weight and form, or cultural norms that value people on the basis of physical looks, not internal quality and strength. We are all witnesses of the “cult of beauty” that promotes thinness. Various fashion magazines, “icons” of jet-sets, and even self-healing criticisms of the environment can be a “trigger” for entering these disorders.