We all have good and bad days; Changing our moods compared to events, people, needs. Emotional ups and downs are a common thing. Some people are handling this issue very well, while many will always see the rage or sadness control as a significant life challenge. But being a person with a bipolar disorder is a daily struggle with yourself. More, people who suffer from this disorder must persuade everyone around them, every minute, that they are equal members of society, whose opinion and feelings matters, just like others.
Types of bipolar episodes
Mood swings in bipolar people are called episodes. These changes are often dramatic, they appear without a visible pattern and can last for a long time. Several different types can often be manifested together and mixed.
Episodes can be manic, hypomanic, and depressive.
- Manic bipolar episode manifests as a euphoric state when a person experiences endless happiness, joy, and disdainfulness. A bipolar person will become hyperactive in this episode, talk fast and loud, interrupt others. This episode is recognizing a huge amount of self-confidence, but at the same time, a lack of sleep, concentration, and focus on thoughts. Furthermore, this level of euphoria often exposes the bipolar person to aggressive or promiscuous behavior. The patient is not aware of his disorder, which leads to the disturbing of many aspects of life – work, family, community.
The manic episode lasts one or more weeks, and often lead to hospitalization of the patient.
- A hypomanic episode is similar to the previous one. At this stage of bipolar disorder, a person will feel similar symptoms like with manic episode, but it will last only 4 days. Due to, the signs are intense all day long. However, this episode is not much devastating as manic.
- A depressive bipolar episode can last for several weeks. It is entirely opposite to manic episodes, but equally affects the ordinary course of life. The bipolar person at this stage feels the strong symptoms of depression, lack of sleep, concentration and bad thoughts. It leads to isolation from the rest of the world, the feeling of helplessness and even suicidal thoughts.
How to recognize the symptoms?
To establish the diagnosis of bipolar disorder, experts need evidence of highly expressed symptoms throughout all three episodes. Often, they can be hidden or very mild. Others, even with adequate treatment, fail to regain control of their life. Concerning the intent of the sympathy of the episodes, we distinguish more types of bipolarity:
* Bipolar I disorder – the most intentional, which lasts for at least one week. It is manifested through a strong manic episode. In most cases, the patient is hospitalized, due to the personal and safety of others. In a manic episode, it can become aggressive, as this condition follows or is preceded by a vast depressive episode.
* Bipolar II disorder – this type of illness is a subdued form. There are no strong manic episodes, mostly hypomanic, depression-prone
* Bipolar disorder not otherwise defined – causes manic and depressive episode in patients, but their intensity does not exceed the range of emotions in ordinary people
* Cyclothymic disorder assumes mild symptoms of hypomania and depression, but the problem is in duration. This state lasts even up to two years
* Disorders that arise from taking recreational drugs or medications
* Bipolarity due to other health conditions
* Rapid-cycling bipolar disorder is a complex composition in which a variety of episodes change. Patients are mostly women and experience the first episode at an early stage in their lives.
* Bipolar disorder that can cause psychosis due to hallucinations and convictions
Fight against bipolar disorder
Recognizing the symptoms is essential. Once you understand and accept that you have this problem, it is necessary to learn as much as possible about it. And of course, it is fundamental to guide people around into the details, the nature of bipolar disorder. Don’t be afraid to ask for help. Be able to take control and live an ordinary life.
Pay attention to periods when an episode occurs. Try to identify which are the triggers. The closest ones around you could help to spot them. If you discover in time, the therapy can be beneficial.
Besides the therapy that should be followed, a person with bipolar disorder should accept some healthy habits, which will suppress the symptoms of severe episodes and emotions. Enough sleep, proper diet and rest are the first condition for a balance in life. Then, patients should not be allowed to abuse alcohol and recreational drugs. In the end, exercise, like yoga, can positively affect the state of mind and emotions in bipolar people.
The disorder treatment, depending on the intensity, can be a combination of various elements. It can be controlled by a healthy lifestyle. Of course, psychotherapy has proven to be a great help against this emotional chaos. In the end, professionals will evaluate the strength of your episodes and, accordingly, give medicines that will help you to function smoothly. These three elements quite successfully suppress bipolar disorder in humans. What is most important is that a person who suffers, reveals his suffering and is open to a joint war against the illness.