A worryingly large number of the world’s population is struggling with lethal obesity as a result of many other health conditions, but also the wrong life habits. Health organizations daily appeal to control body weight, proper nutrition, and the importance of physical activity. However, when obesity passes beyond the limits of health, it is difficult to return to form. In these people, especially with children, special diets, exercise, even medication is not enough. Excessive obesity carries with it heart disease, reduced mobility, and mental disorders. As one of the last ways to people who are facing this problem, surgery, and implantation of gastric bypass may help. This procedure is not a simple process. It implies comprehensive patient analysis and an extended period. And what gastric bypass actually?
Two types of the gastric bypass procedure
This operation implies two things. First, by incorporating a gastric bypass to a person, the volume of the stomach decreases, which significantly reduces the intake of food. Second, a bypass will go around the duodenum, which prevents most of the small intestine segments to absorb nutrients and calories from food.
There are two ways how it can be done, the first, which implies the description from above, can be performed even laparoscopic and does not imply larger cuts and scars.
The other way is much more complicated. When inserting a gastric bypass, the lower part of the stomach is completely removed. There remains a small bag that connects directly with the end of the small intestine, and in this way absolutely circumvent the duodenum. This kind of gastric bypass has a much more visible effect on weight loss, but it is avoided in practice because, after that, essential nutrients are often lost.
The conclusion is that the first option is more natural, and does not imply any restriction or removal of parts of the organs. In fact, it just reduces the space. Malabsorption appears as a predictable pattern, with smaller amounts of needed food. On average, 2 years after the procedure, patients can lose up to two-thirds of body weight.
Risks associated with gastric bypass
The danger of deciding to get thinner like this can be related to two facts: the stomach can be modified after the operation physically. The second lousy side of the gastric bypass is an inadequate intake of nutrients after surgery.
In the first case, the stomach bag may stretch to its original size. One more thing is familiar to the practice – a breakdown and discharge of content into the abdomen. Acids can also reach other organs, which leads to particular insecurity.
It is important to know that after surgery, the function of the stomach and intestine may be disrupted. Sometimes food finds a quick passage through a small intestine, the so-called ‘dumping syndrome.’ Symptoms include nausea, sweating, nausea, diarrhea, and weight loss.
When we stop the absorption of harmful ingredients from food, we generally reduce the intake of vitamins, minerals, and essential nutrients. Lack of iron or vitamin B12 causes anemia, insufficient calcium can lead to osteoporosis and many other undesirable effects.
Medical and viral access to the problem of overweight is a significant step in solving it. However, it should be taken into account that this is a significant life change, not just because of habits, but also in the functions of the body. The person who decides to make the operation of gastric bypass is obliged to live under control for whole life, and very likely to take certain medications.